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Moses Gerrish Farmer was born Feb. 9, 1820 in Boxcawen, NH; His parents were John Farmer and Sally Gerrish Farmer. He married Hannah Tobey Shapleigh Farmer abd they had one child, a daughter, Sarah Jane Farmer. He entered preparatory school at Andover in 1832; attended Dartmouth, but withdrew because of ill health; he worked briefly in a civil engineer's office and was affiliated with various private schools in New England; married Hannah Tobey Shapleigh in 1844; while he was a school principal in Dover, NH, he invented a machine to print paper window shades; began work with the electric telegraph, eventually taking charge of the telegraph line between Boston and Newburyport, MA; in 1848 he invented what became the first electric fire alarm system in the US; discovered means for duplex and quadruplex telegraph; in 1858-59 invented an incandescent electric lamp; in 1866 he patented a self-exciting dynamo; appointed as electrician of US Torpedo Station at Newport, RI; consulting electrician, U.S. Electric Light Co. of New York; died in 1893. 5



The name of an inventor appears in the incandescent lamp history books who was, perhaps, the first person to have a room in his house lighted by electric incandescent sources. His name was Moses Gerrish Farmer (1820 - 1893) and he lighted a room in his house in Salem, Massachusetts every night during the month of July, 1859. 1

Here is an acount of the lighting from Scientific American: 2

'Some few of the citizens of Salem...will doubtless recollect a parlor at No. 11 Pearl Street, Salem, Mass., which was lighted every evening during the month of July, 1859, by the electric light, and this electric light was subdivided too! This was nineteen years ago, and it was undoubtedly the first private dwelling house ever lighted by electricity. A galvanic battery, of some three dozen six gallon jars, was placed in the cellar of the house, and it furnished the electric current, which was conveyed by suitable conducting wires to the mantel-piece of the parlor, where were located two electric lamps, one on each end of the mantel-piece. (I would not wonder if the screw holes were there at this day.) Either lamp could be lighted at pleasure, or both at once, by simply turning a little button to the right for a light, to the left to extinguish it. No matches, no danger, no care to the household, nor to anyone except to the man who attended the battery. The light was noticed as being soft, mild, agreeable to the eye, and more delightful to read or sew by than any light ever seen before. Its use was discontinued at that time, for the simple reason that the acids and zinc consumed in the battery made the light cost about four times as much as an equivalent amount of gas light.'



Farmer's First Lamp of 18593



Farmer's Second Lamp of 1865-18684



Popular Electricity July 1910



Chronological History
of
Electrica Development 1946



Applied Electricity 1912



Pawtucket Times July 26, 1897



The Fall River Daily Herald
December 13, 1878



Pawtucket Times
April 5, 1924


PATENTS


US23217

Fire-Alarm Telegraph,

US322170

Apparatus For Refining Copper by Electricity

US59763

Line Wire for Telegraphs

US47940

Telegraph Wire

US6296

Method of Sending
and
Receiving Messages
Simlutaneously over the
Same Telegraph Wire

US310994

Apparatus for Coating Wire With Metal

US361498

Method of and Apparatus
for
Signaling Through
Submarine Cables

US105552

System of Fire Alarm and Police Telegraph

US124201

Improvment in Compounds
for
Iinsulating Telegraph-Wires,

US323653

Electric Motor

US265790

Electric Lamp

US258903

Electric Incandescent Lamp

US9530

Electric Battery

US380426

Telephone Transmitter

US10496

Mode of Making Battery
Connections With
Electromagnetic Coils on Traveling
Carriages of Telegraphic Registers.

US21329

Duplex Telegraph

US310995

Process of Manufacturing
Compound Telegraph Wire

US351256

Electro Magnet

US322169

Apparatus fpr Refining Copper by Electrcity.

US319687

Process of Electro-Depositing Copper.

US323652

Electro Magnetic Motor

US243765

Electro Magnetic Motor.

US315266

Apparatus for Obtaining Aluminium.

US17355

Electromagnetic Fire Alarm Telegraoh For Gities

US381004

Apparatus For Forming Sheets
of
Nickel or Other Metal
by
Electroysis

US21492

Telegraph Insulator

US9279

Electric Clock

US124200

Improvement in Insulators

US109603

Electric Battery


1 Farmer, Moses G. (Moses Gerrish), 1820-1893

2 "The First Electric Lamps", Scientific American, 11 Jan 1879, p.17.

3 "An Analysis of Some of the Edison Patents for Electric Lighting", The Electrician and Electrical Engineer, Vol.4, Jul 1885, p.246.

4 "An Analysis of Some of the Edison Patents for Electric Lighting", The Electrician and Electrical Engineer, Vol.4, Jul 1885, p.246.

5 Moses Gerrish Farmer, Find A Grave